According to David Christian in his book “This Fleeting World,” agriculture arose independently in multiple, unconnected areas of the world in roughly the same historic time frame.
Foragers, he says, lived comparatively leisurely lives with good nutrition, working just a few hours each day, while those in agricultural communities toiled almost ceaselessly and had comparatively poor nutrition.
What happened to make us the agricultural society we are today?
Christian points out that the end of the ice age occurred at the same time that foragers migrated around the globe.
Warmer, wetter and more productive climates may have increased populations in some regions with increased population pressure. It may explain why, in several parts of the world, beginning about 10,000 years ago, some communities of foragers began to settle down. The rest is history.
Many of us are returning to growing and producing our own food whenever we are able. Even on a small scale, a garden, a few fruit trees, a chicken or two or three, all help to put healthy, nutritious food on our table.
The other day, I was in a garden I helped create and saw the results of her edibles mixed in with ornamental plants and fragrant flowers that attract bees, butterflies and other pollinators to the garden.
Her "chicken palace" would be the envy of every chicken in the county. Annie, the dog, was more than happy to show me how it was made with boards from the old barn, new corrugated iron siding along with some new wood.
The palace keeps the chickens safe from predators and sheltered from the elements. The best
feature is the roosting spot near the top which can be easily accessed from doors that
open at deck level to check for eggs.
Earlier in the week, I visited a garden where the only place available to grow vegetables
was a little shady.
Huge cottonwood trees shaded much of the area and, even when thinned, the trees would always block some of the sun.
We decided she could grow cherry tomatoes, which will ripen even in partial shade, as most of the sun that reached the area fell from midday on.
Also she likes green beans, so a bush variety would conserve space and not block the sun to other vegetables.
There are so many bush beans available. She'll pick from eight different organic varieties available from Renee's Garden Seeds.
With mouth-watering names such as Royalty Purple, Tricolor Bush, the favorite of gourmets, Nickel Filet, and the French yellow Roc D'Or, she'll have a hard choice to make.
Other vegetables that will produce without full sun include spinach, bush peas, kale, chard, lettuce, and root crops like beets, carrots, potatoes and radishes.
They may take a bit longer to mature without full sun, so be patient.
I rounded out the week by visiting the UCSC Arboretum.
Regardless of the time of year, whenever I pass by this jewel of a garden, I always stop by to see what's blooming and what the birds are up to.
I had dropped by in February before the rains came and was a little concerned that the December freeze, compounded by the lack of rain, had stressed the plants.
They were in survival mode and it didn't look like they were going to be putting on their usual spectacular Spring display.
I was happy to see that the rains came in the nick of time, and everything was now blooming away. Vivid lilac, aster-like flowers absolutely covered some low shrubs.
California flannel bush — or fremontodendron californium — were covered with bright yellow flowers in the California Natives garden.
A low-growing species that may have been Pine Hill from the Sierras was also in full bloom. All were breathtaking.
Before I left, I also enjoyed a stand of arcotis-like pink daisies that bordered the South African and New Zealand gardens.
With no name tags to help me identify them, I could only enjoy their beauty.
But then, isn't that what it's all about?